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PATRIOT Kerenhappuck Norman

PATRIOT Kerenhappuck Norman[1, 2, 3]

Female Bef 1708 - Abt 1803  (~ 95 years)

Personal Information    |    Media    |    Sources    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Kerenhappuck Norman 
    Title PATRIOT 
    Born Bef 1708  Spotsylvania, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    Died Abt 1803  Anson, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Person ID I547450971  My Reynolds Line
    Last Modified 18 Feb 2017 

    Father Isaac Norman,   b. 1 Feb 1682, Spotsylvania Co., Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1748, Orange Co., Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years) 
    Mother Frances Courtney,   b. 1684, Spotsylvania Co., Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1752, Spotsylvania Co., Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years) 
    Family ID F6026  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family James Turner, Sr.,   b. Abt 1705, Dorchester, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef Oct 1773, Halifax Co., Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 68 years) 
    Married 30 Jan 1732  Spotsylvania, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • 24 OCT 1773
      Halifax County VA
      Will Book 1 (1773-1783)
      Page 45
      JAMES TURNER [SR] to my loving wife during widowhood four Negroes, viz, DANIEL, SANCHO, JENNY, and MILLIE. To my son, JAMES TURNER [JR] above four Negroes after remarriage or death of my wife. To my son-in-law JAMES SMITH my wearing clothes. Residue to be equally divided amongst my children. Executor Son, JAMES TURNER [JR] and wife KERENHAPPUCH TURNER. Signed JAMES TURNER. Witnesses; Thomas Hope, William Drake, Abraham LeGrand. Sec. Nathaniel Terry, Gent
      ===========
      James Norman Smith m. Sarah Turner, d/o James Turner and Kerenhappuck Norman Turner
      Daughter Mary married Charles R. Morehead, Sr. [ancestor]
      Daughter Elizabeth ...
      Daughter Susan...
    Children 
    +1. Capt. James Turner, Jr.,   b. Abt 1742, Spotsylvania Co., Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Aug 1809, Maury, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 67 years)
    +2. Elizabeth Turner,   b. Est 1745, Spotsylvania County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown, Prob. North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location
    +3. William Turner,   b. 1739, Spotsylvania County, Virginia Colony Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown, Halifax Co., Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location
    +4. Mary Turner,   b. Abt 1749,   d. Yes, date unknown
    +5. Kerenhappuck Turner,   b. Abt 1700,   d. 1798, Halifax Co., Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 98 years)
     6. Sarah Turner,   b. Est 1739, Halifax County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 13 Oct 2019 
    Family ID F518495285  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Documents
    Virginia Public Claims
Halifax Co., Virginia
William Powell
Pg 30-31
    Virginia Public Claims Halifax Co., Virginia William Powell Pg 30-31
    Virginia Public Claims Powell Pg 30-31.jpg
    Newspaper Article Kerenhappuck Turner, Heroine and Patriot
    Newspaper Article Kerenhappuck Turner, Heroine and Patriot
    547450971TurnerKerenhappuck Norman ThePittsburghPress Jun4,1909.jpg
    Turner Genealogy The Times Dispatch Jun 16, 1912
    Turner Genealogy The Times Dispatch Jun 16, 1912
    TurnerGenealogy TheTimesDispatch Jun16,1912.jpg
    James Norman Smith Memoirs
    James Norman Smith Memoirs
    James Norman Smith Memoirs complete from Ron Calhoun.pdf

    Headstones
    Kerenhappuch Norman Headstone
    Kerenhappuch Norman Headstone
    hsI547450971KerenhappuchNorman.jpg

    Histories
    Kerenhappuck N Turner-Monument Erected to Revolutionary Heroine
    Kerenhappuck N Turner-Monument Erected to Revolutionary Heroine
    The Charlotte News
    Jun27, 1902

  • Sources 
    1. [S84] Rootsweb, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=gwenbj&id=I9991215.
      CANNOT PROVE THIS CONNECTION!! (We have a DNA match, but we do not have record proof of the parents of James and William Turner.)
      ===
      (Bennie Lou Hook Altom)
      1728 King George
      1731 Spotsylvania
      1735 Orange
      1747 Prince William
      1751 King George poll list
      1759 Fauquier
      1761 Culpeper
      1766 Halifax
      ===
      1728 - Isaac Norman, of St. George's Par., & James Turner, of King
      Geo. Co.; 634 acs. (N. L.), Spotsyl. Co., in St. George's Par; in the
      gr. forke of Rappahannock River; adj. Thomas Stonehouse & Thomas Farmer; 28 Sept. 1728 [Cavaliers & Pioneers, Patent Book 13, p. 301,
      (Nugent), Vol. III, 1695 - 1732, VA State Library, Richmond, VA, 1979,
      p. 346].
      ===
      1731 - Spotsylvania County VA, Isaac Norman and James Turner "of St. George Parish, County VA, to Robert King, for 3200 lbs. Tobacco and 11
      shillings currency, 634 acres in St. George Parish 2 February 1731
      [Virginia County Records, Vol. I, Spotsylvania County, 1721 - 1800,
      W.A. Crozier, Gen. Pub. Co., Baltimore, MD, 1978, Deed Book B, 1729 - 1734, p. 115].
      ===
      6 Feb 1732 Anthony Scott appointed overseer of the said Old Road from
      the Mountain Run to Beverleys Island Ford and that the tithables
      hereafter mentioned vizt. Abraham Fields, Colo Carters Tithables at
      Norman's Ford, Colo Beverleys, Capt. Greens, Francis KIRKLEY, William
      Paytons, Thomas Cook, James Ball, John Reed, George Roberts, Benjamin
      Roberts, Andrew Galaspee, James TURNER, George Smith, Roger OXFORD,
      John Haddox and George Sweeting do help the said overseer to make
      clear & keep in good repair the said Road. Ruth & Sam Sparacio,
      Virginia County Court Records,Order Book Abstracts of Spotsylvania
      County, Virginia 1732-1734, (McLean, VA:1991) p. 34.
      ===
      5 Apr 1732 Action of Trespass by James Turner against Robert. King.
      Defendant confessed judgment. [Sparacio] Virginia County Court
      Records, Order Book Abstracts, Spotsylvania County, VA 1730 - 1732, p.
      91.
      ===
      5 Sep 1732 Spotsylvania County VA County Court Orders Page 149
      JAMES TURNER v. Robert King for 830 [lbs of tobacco] and 255 costs
      executed one of several executions returned by the Sheriff. [Sparacio]
      Virginia County Court Records, Order Book Abstracts, Spotsylvania
      County, VA 1732 - 1734, p. 9
      ===
      1733 - Spotsylvania County, Isaac Norman discharged from Constable,
      James Turner is appointed in his place. 2 Oct 1733 (Sparacio) Virginia
      County Court Records, Order Book Abstracts, Spotsylvania County, VA
      1732 - 1734, 1991, p. 91.
      ===
      1734 - Spotsylvania County, Isaac Norman to "James Turner, my
      son-in-law, planter, and Kerenhappuch Turner, my daughter of ye said
      county," 100 acres part of a patent whereon said Norman now lives in
      Spotsylvania County, 30 Jan 1733/4 [Virginia County Records, Vol. I,
      Deed Book "C," Spotsylvania County 1721 - 1800, (Crozier), Gen. Pub.
      Co. Inc., Baltimore, MD 1971, P. 182].
      ===
      2 April 1734 Spotslyvania County VA County Court Orders Page 297
      On petition of JAMES TURNER to have his Constable?s precinct divided,
      it being too large & c., is granted. [Order Book Abstracts,
      Spotsylvania CoVA (1734-1735) Ruth & Sam Sparacio, 1991, Antient
      Press.]
      ===
      1736 - Orange County VA, ordered that James Turner, Nathanel Hillen,
      Isaac Norman and John Roberts, appraise the estate of Jacob Wall
      [Orange Co VA Order Book One, Barbara Vines Little, 1990, P. 91].
      ===
      25 Sep 1740 Isaac Norman and Frances his wife of Orange Co sold to
      "Joseph Norman, our son," 100 acres on the south side of Flatt Run
      part of the tract I now live on, between the land of James TURNER,
      Nathaniel Hillin and John Roberts. Wit: James TURNER, Courtney
      Norman, Francis X Norman, Rose X Norman. Ack: 25 Sep 1740 by Isaac
      Norman. John Frederick Dorman, Orange County, Virginia Deed Books 3
      and 4 1738-1741, Judgements 1736, (Washington, D.C., 1966) p. 50.
      ===
      http://www.pwcvabooks.com/documents/BondBook.pdf
      http://www.pwcvabooks.com/documents/PWCBondBook1732-1847.doc
      Prince William County Virginia Bond Book 1732 - 1847
      March 26th 1744 (C-452)
      26 March 1744 Prince William County VA Will Book C Pages 452-453
      Bond on JAMES TURNER, John Garner, Vincent Garner unto Benjamin
      Grayson, John Wright, Joseph Blackwell, and John Frogg, Gent.
      Justices. For 50 pound. JAMES TURNER, administrator of JOHN CHILTON.
      [Dorman]
      ===
      10 Nov 1744 King George County VA Inventories & Appraisements Page 316
      Inventory and appraisement of estate of JAMES JONES, deceased from
      Prince William County items valued and totaled includes Negro man,
      three women and three girls.. a servant man with 17 months to
      serve..appraisers JOHN GARNER, THOS. WELCH, JAMES TURNER sworn before
      JOHN WRIGHT.
      ===
      Orange Co, VA DB 9: 214-215, 228 22 Aug & 22 Nov 1744 James Turner
      wit to deeds
      ===
      25 Sep 1747 Prince William County VA Deed Book Page 74-75
      Indenture between Peter Hedgeman of Stafford County VA and JAMES
      TURNER of Prince William County VA 200 acres on east side of fork of
      Rappahannock River "lease for three lives" of JAMES TURNER, his son
      JAMES TURNER, and daughter MARY TURNER. Signed Peter Hedgeman, JAMES
      TURNER. Witnesses Richard Young, James Grimsley, EDWARD TURNER.
      ===
      Orange Co, VA DB 11:55-58 Indenture 26 May 1748 between Isaac Norman
      of Orange County, Planter, and James Turner, son in law of Prince
      William Co ... grants 100 acres land lying on south side of Thorough
      Fare Mountain, joining land of Joseph Norman.
      24 May 1748 he gave half of his personal estate to his wife Frances
      Norman and half to his son in law James Turner. [Deed Abstracts of
      Orange County, VA, Orange County Deed Book 11, Part I, (Sparacio)
      1985, P. 94
      23 May 1748 Isaac Norman to James Turner, son in law of Prince William
      Co. 24 acres land in Orange County where he now liveth
      ===
      Orange Co, VA DB 11: 73-74 26 Jun 1748 James Turner, Parish of
      Hamilton, County of Prince William, Planter, and Joseph Norman of St.
      Mark's Parish, Orange County, Planter ... grants 24 acres .. land and
      plantation whereon Joseph Norman's father, Isaac Norman now liveth ..
      Flatt River .. land conveyed by Isaac Norman to James Turner by deed
      26 May last past .. Provided .. it is covenanted between James Turner
      and Joseph Norman in consideration of the love they bear unto Frances
      Norman, wife of Isaac Norman, mother of Joseph Norman, and mother in
      law of James Turner, that she shall have title during her natural
      life. Recd. 28 Jul 1748.
      ===
      22 April 1751 Culpeper County VA Deed Books Page 307
      Robert Froggit of St. Mark's Parish, Culpeper County, Blacksmith, to
      JAMES TURNER, of Hamilton Parish, Prince William County, Planter.
      Mortgage to secure 24 pounds current money to be paid within six
      months after date hereof. One full set blacksmith's tools, some iron,
      steel, one bed and furniture, one chest, and all my crop of tobacco
      hanging, and striped in my tobacco house. Also five hoggs marked with
      a crop, and three slits in one ear, and underkeel, and overkeel in
      other ear. One black horse, branded on rear buttock WE. One bridle,
      and one saddle. Signed Robert ? Froggit Witness: JAMES SMITH, SARAH
      SMITH, MARY TURNER.
      ===
      Poll List Recorded 10 January 1751
      King George County VA - Deed Book 4
      [Sparacio: Deed Abs of King George County VA, P. 23-24.]
      Numerical List: JAMES TURNER 106; JAMES COURTNEY 107
      ===
      24 Jun 1752 James Turner & Care his Wife vs James Grimsley; Trespass
      on the Case; The suit is Dismissed the parties being agreed.
      Ruth & Sam Sparacio, Order Book Abstracts of Prince William County,
      Virginia (1752-1753,) (McLean, VA:1988) p 19
      ===
      3 July 1754 Prince William County VA Order Book, Page 125
      Joshua Jones having attended two days as evidence for EDWARD TURNER at
      the suit of SAMUEL MOORE; Robert Duncan having attended two days (same
      suit); JAMES TURNER [SR] having attended two days (same suit); JAMES
      TURNER, JUNR, having attended two days (same suit)?[Sparacio] See
      also 7 Oct 1724 entry regarding TURNER / MOORE.
      ===
      24 September 1754 Prince William County VA Order Book Page 143
      Stephen McCormack Plaintiff, JAMES TURNER, defendant, on petition suit
      is continued between the parties until next court. Thomas Davis,
      Philip Waterfield, EDWARD TURNER, JANE TURNER, WILLIAM TURNER, SARAH
      TURNER, Witnesses for said Stephen. [Sparacio]
      ===
      17 Nov 1756 Culpeper County VA Deed Book C Pages 4-10
      Robert King of Culpeper County, planter, and Mary his wife to John
      Thomas of same. 83 acres being part of tract formerly purchased by
      King of Isaac Norman and JAMES TURNER by deeds of lease and release
      acknowledged in the County of Spotsylvania by Norman and Turner 2 Feb.
      1730 which is part whereon William Hensley now lives..corner to Thomas
      Turner.. in Jones' line.
      ===
      1759 Fauquier Co VA Tithables. Thos. Marshall's List p.4 col.1 [accn
      #24569]
      Henry Bramlett 1
      Hedgman's Quarter }
      Steven McCormack & negroes } 12
      William Turner }
      Alexr Turner } 3
      Edwd Turner }
      James Turner 1
      Thomas McClanaham }
      3 slaves } 4
      ===
      Ruth & Sam Sparacio, Minute Book Abstracts of Fauquier County,
      Virginia (1762-1763), (McLean, VA:1993) p. 122
      TURNER, James 41, 43, 46, 102.
      ===
      18 Jun 1761 Culpeper County VA Deed Book Pages 505-509
      Conrad Kabler of St. Mark's Parish, Culpeper Co., planter, and Joan
      his wife?to JAMES TURNER of same, planter, for seven pounds current
      money, 9-3/4 acres in Great Fork of Rappahannock River, south side of
      Mount Poney, part of tract formerly granted to Adam Yeager, conveyed
      to Frederick Kabler, 25 Nov 1746. For 200 acres and by deed of gift.
      Acknowledged by Frederick Kabler, to his son Conrad, 21 May 1761. On
      a branch, being lower corner to land of Jacob Miller, in line of
      Yeager (now Kabler). Signed Conrad Kabler, Joan (X) Kabler.
      Witnessed: Richard Young, Surety, Henry Field, Jr.
      ===
      18 Sep 1765 Culpeper County VA Deed Book Pages 32-38
      JAMES TURNER of St. Mark's Parish, Culpeper County, planter, and
      Caronhappock his wife, to Samuel Stigler of Bromswick Parish, King
      George County VA, planter. Lease and release, for 120 pounds current
      money, 400 acres line of a patent granted to John Gordon, former
      corner to Jacob Miller, in Conrit Kabler's side of Mount Poney, along
      side of mountain, in a line of John Spotswood, Esq. To John Asher's
      now Benjamin Martain's. Also 9-3/4 acres which JAMES TURNER purchased
      of Conrit Kabler, and Joan his wife, by deed 18 June 1761. Signed:
      JAMES TURNER, CARONHAPPOCK (X) TURNER. Witnesses: Richard Young,
      Joseph Amiss. Caranhappock was first privily examined.
      ===
      17 Oct 1765 Culpeper County VA Deed Book -Page 64-65
      Bond on JAMES TURNER and Kerenhappuck Turner, his wife of Culpeper
      County, to William Lightfoot of same. For 500 pounds current money.
      To convey the dwelling house and plantation of his former residence
      together with 100 acres adjoining to the plantation of LIGHTFOOT which
      Isaac Norman gave unto TURNER on the marriage of his daughter
      Kerenhappuck NORMAN for the consideration of fifty pistoles current
      money. JAMES TURNER and KERENHAPPUCK TURNER.
      ===
      16 June 1766
      Halifax County VA
      Deed Book 6, Page 65
      John Owen of Halifax County, Yoeman, and Betty his wife, to JAMES
      TURNER of Culpeper County, VA, Planter. For 130 pounds, 400 acres
      part of Nicholise order of Council, which was conveyed to said Owen.
      Beginning at a Black Jack, thence north crossing Courthouse Road,
      further crossing race paths, and crossing the old road leading to
      Mann's. All houses, buildings, and gardens. Signed: John Owen, Betty
      (X) Owen. Witnesses: Joseph Robards, Ambrose Nicholise, Abraham
      LeGrand, Joshua Stone Jr., Christopher Kabler, Jesse Nicholise.
      ===
      16 May 1771
      Halifax County VA
      Deed Book , Page 206
      JAMES TURNER, SR. of Halifax to Thomas Hope of Halifax, 68 acres being
      part of tract where Turner now lives, in fork of road just above
      Turner's plantation on branches of Difficult Creek, bounded by Hope, &
      Turner. Signed: James Turner. Witness: Francis Watlington, John
      Orril Tunstall, Samuel Wimbish.
      ===
      [See also: (1) Halifax CoVA Deed Book 13, Page 95, 20 Sept. 1784,
      Wm. Thompson To John Coleman 244 acres "east side of Piney Branch" of
      Difficult Creek bounded by Kerenhappuch Turner; (2) Halifax VA
      Deeds, 1795, James Turner conveyed land on Difficult Creek adjoining
      Wattlington, witnesses: Joseph Sandford, Mary Morehead; and (3)
      Halifax VA Map, 1859, Ludwig Bucholtz, VA Library and Archives.]
      ===
      Title: Halifax County VA Deeds, WILL BOOK 1, 1773/1783.
      Page: p. 45 Text: The following is dated 21 July, 1773:
      ===
      "Being low in body but in perfect memory. To my loving wife during her
      widowhood four Negroes, Daniel, Sancho, Jeany and Milly, also 2
      feather beds & furniture, and one horse called Lightfoot, one mare
      called Flye, and four trunks, 3 iron pots, 1 frying pan, 2 dishes, 12
      pewter plates, 6 basins, 6 cows, and 8 sheep. Also 100 acres of land,
      also 1 doz. of the choice of my hogs. To my son JAMES after my wife's
      marriage or decease the above 4 Negroes, 1 large iron pot called
      consion (sic) and the choice of one of my best shirts. To my
      son-in-law, JAMES SMITH all my wearing cloaths. I give the rest or
      residue of my estate of what soever to be sold and equally divided
      amongst my children. Exr. Son JAMES TURNER and my wife KIPPERHAPON
      TURNER. 21 July, 1773 S/JAMES TURNER. Witness: Thomas Hope, William
      Drake, Abraham LeGrand. Nathaniel Terry, Gent. Sec." (Bennie Altom)
      ===
      20 Oct 1774 Halifax County VA Inventory & Appraisement Page 97
      JAMES TURNER, total 438.17.1; Extr. Kerranhappuck Turner, James Turner
      [II]. [Chiarito and Prendergast]
      ===
      JAMES TURNER SR. b.approx.1690-1705?; d. 1773.
      JAMES TURNER, JR. b.c1740, d.1809.
      ===
      http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=43720901
      James Turner
      Birth: 1705
      Death: 1773
      married Spotslvania Co Va May 7, 1734
      Family links:
      Parents:
      Thomas Turner (1664 - 1742)
      Martha Taliaferro Turner (____ - 1726)
      Children:
      Mary Turner Morehead (1741 - ____)*
      James Turner (1741 - 1809)*
      Spouse:
      Kerenhappuch Norman Turner (1716 - 1781)
      Burial:
      Unknown
      Created by: P Fazzini
      Record added: Oct 30, 2009
      Find A Grave Memorial# 43720901





      Father: Edward TURNER b: ABT 1656 in St. Mary's, MD
      Mother: Sarah MEREDITH b: BEF 1680 in Dorchester, MD

      Marriage 1 Kerenhappuch NORMAN b: ABT 1716 in Spotsylvania, VA

      Married: 30 JAN 1732/1733 in Spotsylvania, VA

      Children

      Has Children James TURNER b: ABT 1742 in Spotsylvania, VA
      Has No Children Mary TURNER b: ABT 1738 in Spotsylvania, VA
      Has Children Sarah TURNER b: 1735 in Spotsylvania, VA
      Has No Children Elizabeth TURNER b: ABT 1736 in Spotsylvania, VA
      Has Children Susannah Kerenhappuch TURNER b: ABT 1740 in Spotsylvania, VA

    2. [S122] Genealogy. com, http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/t/u/r/Jim-Turner-Silver-Spring/GENE2-0001.html.
      Descendants of James Turner, Sr.
      Generation No. 1
      1. JAMES1 TURNER, SR. was born 1716 in Maryland, and died Est. 1744-1807. He married KERENHAPPUCH NORMAN 1731 in Spotsylvania, Virginia, daughter of ISAAC NORMAN and FRANCES COURTNEY. She was born 1716 in Spotsylvania County, Virginia and died 1805 in Richmond County, North Carolina.

      According to D.A.R. #134684, James Turner was born 1712 and married 1732. According to D.A.R. #120805, James Turner was born 1716 and married 1734. According to D.A.R. #743583, James Turner was born in Maryland.
      From History of the Culpeper County Normans:
      In 1765 James Turner and wife Kerenhappuck sold their dwelling and former residence with 100 acres of land to William Lightfoot. This was described as the land Isaac Norman gave James Turner, 1733, on his marriage to Isaac's daughter, Kerenhappuck. According to their descendants, they moved to Halifax County, Virginia. Kerenhappuck Norman Turner was a heroine of the Revolutionary War. A monument erected in her honor stands in Guilford Battlefield Park, Guilford, North Carolina. The History of the Morehead Family tells of her organizing the hospital corps after the battle of Guilford Courthouse and of how she found her grandson on Guildford battlefield and nursed him back to health in the New Garden Quaker Meeting House. In her old age, she is said to have spent much time with her daughter Sarah on Little River in Richmond County, N. C. She rode horseback and hunted with her gransons. It was on one of these hunts that she was said to have been thrown off and her neck broken.
      From an unknown DAR publication:
      "The Lord blessed the latter part of Job's life more than the first. He had fourteen thousand sheep, six thousand camels, a thousand yoke of oxen and a thousand donkeys. And he also had seven sons and three daughters. The first daughter he named Jemimah, the second Keziah, and the third Kerenhappuch. Nowhere in all the land were there found women as beautiful as Job's daughters, and their father granted them an inheritance along with their brothers." -- Book of Job, Chapter 42, Verses 12-15

      Historians are undecided about the exact birth date of Kerenhappuch Norman, but it seems fair to assume that she was born in the north central part of the Colony of Virginia, probably in what was then Spotsylvania County, in about 1715. She was the daughter of a well known tobacco planter, Isaac Norman and his wife, the former Frances Courtney. In about 1730 she met James Turner, the son of a prominent Maryland family and also a tobacco planter, and they were married in Spotsylvania County in 1731. Deed records show that following the wedding, Isaac Norman deeded a portion of his home plantation to his daughter and her new husband. It was on this land that the first child, James Turner, was born in 1732, and he was followed by four sisters - Sarah, Mary, Elizabeth and Susan. Within a few years the growth of the Colony resulted in a division of the county, and the Norman and Turner land became a part of Orange County, and in 1749 it became a part of Culpeper County. It lay on the banks of the Rappahannock River near the present day town of Remington, and there the two James Turners cultivated tobacco for many years. The new county was surveyed by George Washington, and it was probably during this time that Kerenhappuch and her family met and became devoted to the man who was to become the father of our country. These were happy years for James and Kerenhappuch; they raised their children and taught them the skills of riding and hunting; skills which were not just enjoyable but indeed, necessary for survival in this frontier land.
      At a point prior to the revolutionary war the elder James Turner and his wife moved to Halifax County, Virginia, and when the revolution began, the younger James became active in the Virginia militia and was soon a captain. Family tradition holds that Kerenhappuch, ever mindful of the dangers of war, told her son and grandsons that if they were ever wounded, they should get word to her and she would come to their assistance.

      Records of the revolutionary war indicate that Captain Turner's company went south and was in the sieges at Halifax County and Fort Ninety Six, and also fought in Pittsylvania County. In March of 1781 the company was posted to guard duties in Guilford County, North Carolina. Of course, Kerenhappuch personally assisted the American side by riding as a courier - apparently the British didn't suspect that an older lady such as she could give them any problems. However, on one occasion when the ferries over the James River were tightly guarded by the British, it is recorded that Kerenhappuch swam the river on horseback to elude detection.

      Guilford Courthouse had been the seat of government for Guilford County, North Carolina since 1774, and it was toward this site that, on March 15, 1781, the 1,900 man army of British Lord Charles Cornwallis was marching. Unbeknownst to Cornwallis, a 4,400 man army of colonial troops under Major General Nathanael Greene was lying in wait, well hidden in dense forest foliage. The ensuing battle was fierce; when it was over more than 27% of the British had suffered injury or death compared to only 6% for the Americans who claimed victory in the battle. Although neither side gained a decisive advantage in this battle, the British loss of troops was so great that it forced them to abandon the Carolinas, and this eventually led to their defeat at Yorktown.

      Eight descendands of Kerenhappuch Turner fought in the battle; her son and seven grandsons. Captain James Turner and one of the grandsons were gravely wounded. When word of this reached Kerenhappuch, she rushed on horseback through hostile lines to administer to her kin and others who had suffered injuries in the battle. When she started out for Guilford she was carrying a sick infant with her on the horse. At some point during this journey, the infant died and was buried alongside the trail. By risking her life in this manner, Kerenhappuch Turner had become a true heroine of our first war. A monument was erected in her memory at the Guilford Courthouse National Military Park and dedicated to her memory on July 4, 1902. Its granite base is crowned with the bronze figure of a woman clad in the costume of her time carrying in her hand the symbol of her ministry on the battle field, a folded towel over her arm and a tea cup and saucer in her hand. It is believed that this was the first monument ever erected to a revolutionary war heroine.

      When the war had been concluded Captain Turner, now fully recovered from his wounds, relocated to Halifax County, Virginia and later to Montgomery County, North Carolina. When her husband died in about 1785, Kerenhappuch Turner moved south to live with her son. Evidently upon her husband's death much of his property passed to his son in the 18th century custom. The son, in a show of love, respect and affection for his mother, gave much of it back to her as described in the deed which is recorded in Deed Book 13, Pg. 138, Halifax County, Virginia.

      Kerenhappuch Turner died in 1805 in Richmond County, North Carolina. Family tradition says that while hunting with her grandsons she fell from her horse and died of a broken neck. It is not known where she is buried.

      She rode from Maryland to North Carolina on horseback to care for her son (or grandson) who was wounded at the Battle of Guilford Court House, North Carolina, in the Revolutionary War. Her monument is erected on the battlefield there (outskirts of Greensboro). She rigged a bucket of water from the rafters of a cabin to allow water to drip on the wound of her son so as to eliminate the infection.

      Children of JAMES TURNER and KERENHAPPUCH NORMAN are:
      2. i. KERENHAPPUCH2 TURNER, b. WFT Est. 1732-1748; d. WFT Est. 1765-1837.
      3. ii. CAPT. JAMES TURNER, JR., b. 1732; d. Abt. 1809, Maury County, Tennessee.
      4. iii. MARY TURNER, b. Aft. 1732; d. WFT Est. 1777-1827.
      5. iv. SUSAN TURNER, b. Aft. 1732; d. WFT Est. 1750-1826.
      6. v. ELIZABETH TURNER, b. 1739; d. WFT Est. 1776-1834.
      7. vi. SARAH TURNER, b. 1740, Virginia; d. Aft. 1804, Richmond, North Carolina.
      20 JAN 1785
      Halifax County VA
      Deed Book 13, Page 138
      JAMES TURNER [JR] discharge unto my mother, KERENHAPPUCH TURNER, all rights and titles, interest and claims of dower into all and everything, slaves and personal estate, she is now possessed in right of JAMES TURNER [SR] my father,she being about to remove with me to
      the State of North Carolina. I have hereunto set my hand and seal this third day of June 1785. Witnesses Thos. Clark, John Clark, Abraham LeGrand, William Thompson. Signed JAMES TURNER [JR]. [Halifax CoVA Deeds (1784-1790) TLC Genealogy, 1994]
      ==========
      24 OCT 1773
      Halifax County VA
      Will Book 1 (1773-1783)
      Page 45
      JAMES TURNER [SR] to my loving wife during widowhood four Negroes, viz, DANIEL, SANCHO, JENNY, and MILLIE. To my son, JAMES TURNER [JR] above four Negroes after remarriage or death of my wife. To my son-in-law JAMES SMITH my wearing clothes. Residue to be equally divided amongst my children. Executor Son, JAMES TURNER [JR] and wife KERENHAPPUCH TURNER. Signed JAMES TURNER. Witnesses; Thomas Hope, William Drake, Abraham LeGrand. Sec. Nathaniel Terry, Gent


    3. [S239] Walter Turner.
      Kerenhappuch Turner Monument
      Kerenhappuch Turner monument
      National Military Park near Greensboro, NC

      Kerenhappuch Turner Monument commemorating the Battle of Guilford Courthouse. Photo courtesy of the National Park Service. At the time she nursed the soldiers, she was in her 70's.


    4. [S80] Google Books, http://books.google.com/books?id=7HgZAQAAIAAJ&pg=RA1-PA182&lpg=RA1-PA182&dq=Kerenhappuck+%2B+James+Turner&source=bl&ots=NZK0CZYgZY&sig=z9Vx9yUpLkRzdmolffPAqEXOS6Q&hl=en&sa=X&ei=-Gi9U_LXD4iXyATTzoKwAg&ved=0CDUQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=Kerenhappuck%20%2B%20James%20Turner&f=false.
      Mrs. Allene Beck Chism, b. in Shreveport, La., Wife of John Walton Chism, Descendant of Kerenhappuck Norman, wife of James Turner. Daughter of William Camp Beck and Elizabeth Smith, his 2nd wife. Granddaughter of Charles Allison Smith and Elizabeth Lanier, his wife. Gr granddaughter of James Turner Smith and Constantia Ford, his wife. Gr Gr granddaughter of James Norman Smith and Sarah Turner, his wife. Gr gr-gr-granddaughter of James Turner and Kerenhappuck Norman, his wife. Kerenhappuck Norman Turner not only sent her sons and grandsons to the war, but at the Battle of Guilford gave valuable service in nursing the wounded. She died at an advanced age.